Southern Peru was rocked by an eartquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale on June 23. About 75 people were killed and another 68 missing, as of mid-July 2001. Nearly 200,000 were made homeless. These problems were compounded by strong aftershocks that knocked down weakened buildings and hampered relief efforts.
This quake was the most powerful since the 1970 quake when 70,000 people were killed in ensuing mudslides in Huaraz in the central Andes. It registered 7.8 on the Richter scale. Damage was estimated at approximately $1 billion, and about 1 million persons were left homeless.
One of the worst hit areas was Arequipa, Peru's second largest city famous for its colonial architecture built with volcanic rock. The oldest buildings were especially vulnerable to the quake. Details on the June 23, 2001 quake ::: Tsunami Report ::: More stuff and more links.
For more information about relief efforts, you can check out AlertNet ::: Earthquakes in the Andes. Full title is "Seismological and Tectonic Deformation Studies in the Central Andes and Seismic Hazard Evaluation in the Peru-Chile Border Region" ::: CERESIS the South American earthquake organization ::: Instituto Geofísico del Peru ::: The Nazca, Peru, Earthquake of November 12, 1996 ::February 21, 1996 Chimbote Tsunamis ::: Survey on Tsunamis ::: Historical Timeline ::: Landslide of Yungay, 1970